In rough situations, it is necessary to know what needs to be done to ensure safety. Especially when there is a fire.
It is important to follow these steps:
- Sound the alarm: If you are in a building or location with fire alarm systems, sound the alarm immediately to alert others to the danger.
- Leave the premises calmly: Be quick, but avoid panic. Leave the building in a safe manner, following the exit routes and evacuation guidelines established in the building. Do not use elevators, as they can become trapped during a fire.
- Notify the authorities: Once you are in a safe place, call your country’s emergency service (911) to report the fire. Provide as much information as possible, including the exact address and a description of the situation.
- Close the doors: If possible, close the doors when you leave to slow the spread of the fire. This can help protect other areas of the building.
- Keep low: If smoke is in the air, stay close to the ground when leaving the building. Toxic smoke tends to accumulate at the top of rooms, and cleaner air will be near the floor.
- Don’t turn back: Never go back into a burning building. Once you are out of the scene, do not return under any circumstances. Wait for the fire department and inform them of anyone still trapped inside the building.
- Use the emergency stairs: If necessary, use the emergency stairs to descend from the upper floors of the building. Avoid using elevators, as they may fail during a fire.
- Help others if possible: If you can help safely, assist people who are mobility impaired or who need assistance to evacuate the building. Remember to take care of your own safety first.
It is important to be familiar with the fire safety procedures of the place where you work, study, or regularly attend. Knowing the evacuation routes, assembly points, and firefighting equipment, can be crucial in emergency situations.